The purposes of stage lighting
The primary purpose of stage is to enable the audience to see the actors and the action on the stage , some ,,arty directors,, let the audience struggle to see what is going on , this is the first purpose must never be violated .Lighting can also establish the time of day and state the weather This light should appear to come from such obvious sources as the sun , moon, windows , fireplace , lamps , doors , … etc.
A third purpose of light is to accent objects and give them a plasticity or roundness.
There is also an aesthetic purpose to the light and shadows on stage ; they create the mood and atmosphere and thereby help to heighten the emotional of the audience.
Until the sixteenth century , all dramatic performances were held in day light .At the time torches and candles were introduced to indicate the light , in the early part of the next century ; they were increased in power so that the actors could be seen after dark .
It was not until 1803 that gas was utilized in famous theaters , London , and it 1860 , the limelight become the first step in localized spotting ;it was used behind transparent materials to lend color effects ;
Electricity made its debut on the stage of the Paris opera in 1846 , but a complete system was not installed there until 1881 .
About this time ADOLPH Appia proved the practicability on his Theories and became the father of modern stage lighting.
Since then the progress has been rapid , and today stage lighting does more than any other element to create the proper atmosphere and set the shifting moods of a play.